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Su, Wei-Yi, Richard H. Jaskot, Judy Richards, Susan R. Abramson, J. Frederick Woessner, Jr., Wei-Hsuan Yu, and Kevin L. Dreher. Induction of pulmonary matrilysin expression by combustion and ambient air particles. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 279: L152–L160, 2000.—The molecular mechanism(s) by which chemically complex air pollution particles mediate their adverse health effects is not known. We have examined the ability of combustion and ambient air particles to induce pulmonary matrilysin expression due to the well-documented role of matrix metalloproteinases in tissue injury and repair responses. Rats were exposed to saline, residual oil fly ash (2.5 mg/rat), or ambient air particles (2.5 mg/rat) via intratracheal instillation and examined 3–72 h after exposure. Saline-exposed animals had low levels of matrilysin mRNA, whereas the animals exposed to either complex particle showed an early induction of pulmonary matrilysin gene expression as well as of the 19-kDa activated form of matrilysin. Immunocytochemistry and in situ hybridization analyses identified the alveolar macrophages and monocytes as primary sources of air pollution particle-induced matrilysin expression. Matrilysin gene induction and protein activation by combustion and ambient air particles correlated with the early histopathological changes produced by these particles. These results demonstrate the ability of combustion and ambient air particles to induce pulmonary matrilysin expression and suggest a role for this matrix metalloproteinase in the initiation of lung injury produced by these particles.
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