Enhanced Diagnostic Tools
Neuronal death after experimental traumatic brain injury (TBI) has features of both apoptosis and necrosis. Neurons in the peritrauma cortex, hippocampus, and dentate gyrus are particularly vulnerable. The apoptosis-suppressor gene is induced bcl-2 in brain after ischemia and epilepsy-induced injury and may serve to regulate neuronal death. We studied expression of bcl-2 mRNA and proteing after experimental TBI in rats. To determine whether bcl-2 protein expression occurred in cells with evidence of apoptosis, triple-labeling studies were performed using (1) antibody against bcl-2, (2) bis-benzimide dye to examine gross nuclear morphology, and (3) terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated biotin-dUTP nick-end labeling TUNEL) to assess for DNA fragmentation. At 6 and 24 hr, bcl-2 mRNA was induced in ipsilateral peritrauma cortex, hippocampus, and dentate gyrus. By 72 hr the increase in bcl-2 mRNA was detected only in cortex. bcl-2 protein was induced at 8, 24, 72, and 168 hr in ipsilateral cortex and hippocampus. Cells expressing bcl-2 protein included neurons in the peritrauma cortex, hippocampus, hilus, and dentate gyrus. The gross nuclear morphology of neurons expressing bcl-2 appeared normal. Furthermore, biochemical evidence of DNA fragmentation, in a pattern characteristic of either apoptosis or necrosis, was seldom seen in neurons expressing bcl-2 protein (bcl-2 colocalized with TUNEL in 0–2% of TUNEL-positive cells observed). These data suggest that bcl-2 may play an important role in the regulation of neuronal death after TBI, and they support a role for bcl-2 as an inducible neuroprotective gene.
If you need any literature regarding
any of our products or services, please do not hesitate to submit a request.